Michael Cremo | Author and BIHS Member

Publication Info:

Pūrva-pakṣa: Fine Tuning Opposing Views, editors: K. R. Valpey, D. F. Watson, S. E. Kreitzer, R. S. Cohen, P. Sutton (Gainesville, IVS Press, 2023), 57–63 


The cosmology chapters of the Fifth Canto of SrimadBhagavatam are a description of a universal form. In some places in the Bhagavatam, the universal form is characterized as imaginary. This creates a difficulty in detecting correspondences between modern astronomy and cosmographic depiction of the universe given in the Bhagavatam. The problem is solved if we understand there are three kinds of universal forms: those that are directly perceived, those that are authoritatively described, and those that are imagined. The Fifth Canto account is an authoritative description, and therefore the astronomical details should not be taken as imaginative. 


Based on a presentation at the BIHS Workshop “Models and memes and maps: A modern journey through ancient cosmography.” (November 21–22, 2020)